GuideHerbal Treatments
Target groupBirds
AuthorsCorvid-Isle and info@corvidlove.com
Version2022-04-27
NOTE: In all my guides, I start from a situation where a rehabilitator takes his responsibility to take care of the animals in an ethically correct way. You should always try to minimize stress for the bird and since the birds, just like humans, are not the same, it can mean that you handle a problem in different ways by being creative! If I see different ways of doing the same thing, I try to write it down in my guides, but it is always up to the rehabilitator to take their own responsibility.
I do not have to write “I recommend killing” or “contact a veterinarian” or “according to law, you should …” because I start from the situation where you do the best for the bird and that you as a rehabilitator have learned to draw the line so that you do not end up in an unwanted or illegal situation. There may be an eternal battle between what you want and what is best for the bird.
There are also many factors where a similar situation can give different results. For example: access to a veterinarian, lack of time, lack of knowledge and previous experience can include cause large differences in the treatment and decision-making process and indirectly also the end result. Knowledge of basic things can make a huge difference in the stress level of the crow. For example. avoid anything that is black or checkered. They do not like it instinctively and it creates stress when they see that you are dealing with something that is black.
I put energy into my guides to make it easier for a rehabilitator to find information and to spread knowledge.
Do you see a way to improve my guides or do you see a mistake or do you want to add something, feel free to inform me!
If you are worried about doing something because it is new, ask other rehabilitators or a veterinarian for help.
The guides are continuously updated, so make sure to always download the latest version from www.corvidlove.com

This page will be about herbal remedies that are suitable for the care and treatment of birds.
This site is for the largest part based on the website of Corvid-Isle.co.uk
I could not have done this without their help!
Direct link to their page: https://corvid-isle.co.uk/alternative-treatment-options-for-birds
Their site has more information and more treatments, so make sure to check out their website if you cannot find what you are looking for!

It is important to understand that medicinal plants contain powerful, pharmacologically active substances, which in other words means that plants contain medicines. Like medicines, natural medicines should be used with caution. While the right herb can help a bird, it can show toxic if used incorrectly. If you are unsure, consult your veterinarian before giving your bird any herbs or alternative treatments. In many cases, proper herbal treatment may be all your patient needs to get better. But at other times, herbs may rather be a useful adjunct to conventional treatments prescribed by veterinarians.

Before I write more about natural and herbal treatment options, I want to start this post with a list of plants and specific ingredients to avoid s when treating birds.
Herbs to avoid include: borage, calamus, chapparal, coltsfoot, comfrey, ephedra, germander, licorace, life root, lobelia, ma huang, pennyroyal, pokeroot, sassafras and yohimbe. 

When to use herbal tinctures must be remembered that these often contain alcohol, which can be toxic to birds, especially to small birds and in case of undiluted intake.
Herbal decoctions are therefore a much safer alternative. These can be made yourself. with 25 g of dried or 75 g of fresh herb per 500 ml of boiling water. Wait until the water has stopped bubbling before adding the herb. Then let it stand and soak for about 10 minutes. The decoction lasts a maximum of 24 hours. Throw away what you have not used.


Commercial products and treatments

The first group of alternative, natural and herbal treatment options that I would like to present are the following useful and potent commercial products.

WHEEZE EEZE Herbal Liquid (© The Birdcare Company)
This is a complex blend of natural herbal extracts that can be sprayed into the beak, nebulized or added to drinking water. This product has antibacterial properties and helps with respiratory infections and breathing difficulties.

The product is available on Ebay (unfortunately only in the UK). Should anyone find the product elsewhere, please let me know.

Verm-X ​​(© Verm-X)
This is a supplement to restore and maintain the vitality of the gut and is made from 100% natural active ingredients. Verm-X The series is also useful for improving digestion and increasing energy levels. It is easy to give as a liquid, pellets or in powder form as a daily treatment. Verm-X ​​is a very effective herbal product that provides internal parasite control. Please note that Verm-X ​​manufacturers must follow the rules and regulations that apply to all herbal medicines, and therefore Verm-X ​​must not be called a dewormer, as it is not a licensed medicine.

Blast Off Anti-Mite (© The Birdcare Company)
This is a completely natural parasite repellent product.The natural ingredients (Piperonal and cedarwood oil) have been combined with a powder to make it easy to apply to the bird. Blast Off Anti-Mite is safe for both the user and the bird. The product can be administered directly to both adult birds and chicks and can also be used in bird nests.

From the UK: Blast Off Anti-Mite (© The Birdcare Company)

Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)

Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is made by fermenting the natural sugars found in fresh apples.

Organic, unfiltered ACV contains strands of proteins, enzymes and probiotic bacteria. ACV can help kill pathogens and has a long history of use as a natural food preservative. Major substances in vinegar, called acetic acid, destroy harmful bacteria and prevent them from multiplying. There is also evidence which indicates that ACV has potential as an antifungal treatment. ACV can be used to keep bird baths fresh longer and is also an important component in the treatment of yellow bud, where it is added to drinking water. 5 ml Apple cider vinegar should be used for 1 liter ordinary water. Parasites cannot survive in acidic water. ACV lowers the pH of the water to about 4-5 at the dosage described above.

“When it comes to yellow bud and candidiasis (also called candidiasis or cod), one should also mention the fantastic treatment effect of pure fresh lemon juice, which is very effective when brushed on yellow bud plaque, which is then covered with a so-called” Lugol solution “

Candidiasis can be successfully treated by brushing the affected areas with a gentian violet solution. Gentian violet is a synthetic, antiseptic dye named after the intense bluish-purple color of gentian plants.It has mild antibacterial and antiviral properties.

GlucoGel (© BBI Healthcare)
GlucoGel is easy to use and is quickly absorbed through the oral mucosa. It is also free of artificial colors, sweeteners, caffeine and gluten. It provides a fast-acting measured dose of glucose. GlucoGel is the perfect product to manage blood sugar levels in an emergency or to provide a short-term energy boost.It can be a lifesaver in the treatment of collapsed birds as it provides a quick energy boost, which can provide easily stressed birds the physical strength required to start eating independently again.

Traumeel Salve (© Bio Pathica)
Traumeel Salve provides temporary relief of mild muscle and joint pain as well as pain caused by overexertion, stretching, sprains and bruising. Traumeel ointment is a topical homeopathic painkiller. It works by reducing inflammation and thus temporarily relieving pain.

Traumeel S Ampoules (© Heel)
This is another homeopathic painkiller to be used orally in inflammatory and degenerative processes associated with inflammation involving various organs and tissues with special focus on the support and articulation device. Traumeel S-ampoules are safe to use for all birds as this preparation is alcohol-free.

Virus Mischung knows. (© DHU)
This is a homeopathic treatment used to effectively boost the immune system of stressed birds, which is particularly effective in treating viral infections. Because Viruvetsan contains alcohol, it must be diluted (10 drops in 50 ml of drinking water). This mixture should be given once a day, 2 to 3 times a week, drop by drop, with food. Viruvetsan is suitable for long-term treatment .

From Germany: https://www.naturheilkunde-shop24.de/search/result?term=viruvetsan+mischung+vet.&q=viruvetsan+mischung+vet.

Natural cleansers

Baking soda
Baking soda works in two cleaning ways. As a mildly alkaline product, it helps to dissolve dirt and grease. As a scouring powder, it has a mild abrasive effect.Baking powder also helps neutralize odor.

Distilled white vinegar
Distilled white vinegar is another natural product that can replace strong toxic cleaners. The acidity of vinegar is what makes it effective on some but not all surfaces. & nbsp Like baking soda, vinegar can help remove odors and is effective in removing stains.

Make your own all-purpose cleaner
A all-purpose cleaner can be made by mixing 3 cups of warm water with 2 tablespoons of baking powder and 2 tablespoons of lemon juice in a plastic spray bottle. Shake the contents, spray over dirty surfaces and wipe off. Another , slightly stronger all-purpose cleaners can be made from distilled white vinegar, when mixed in a 1: 1 ratio with water. Lemon juice can be added to get a fresh citrus scent.


Natural products and herbs

The second part of this post describes other natural products and herbs, which can be useful in the treatment of common diseases and health problems in crows.

Aloe
Aloe gel works cleansing, bile stimulating, antifungal, blood stopping and soothing. It briefly forms a protective film ( demulcent ) and is effective against worms in the intestinal tract ( anthelmintic ). When applied topically, Aloe gel can help to heal small incisions, abrasions and rashes.

Anise or aniseed
If a bird suffers from constipation, you can offer it an anise instead of the usual drinking water. Anise also works remarkably well as antiepileptic drugs. Anise can be used as it is or combined with fennel.

Arnika (Arnica)
Arnika is well known for its healing properties. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory and circulatory stimulant. Arnika should not be taken orally (in the mouth) and should not be applied to open wounds. It is very useful and effective in the treatment of painful bruises and to relieve acute and chronic joint pain.

Cayenne
Cayenne is a universal digestive aid that contains small amounts of vitamins A, C, B complex, calcium, phosphorus and iron. It works anti-inflammatory and helps with arthritis. Cayenne contains capsaicin, which helps stimulate the appetite. It also works as a fantastic natural treatment for sinusitis. When used topically on the skin, cayenne has potent anti-inflammatory properties.

Chamomile
Chamomile is known for its anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and soothing properties, It counteracts gas formation in the intestines as well as nausea and vomiting (antiemetic effect).
A decoction made on the flowers of this The plant has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects. treatment method for diseases of the respiratory system. Chamomile is one of nature’s safest and mildest sedatives, which can be safely used to calm birds in stressful situations.
Chamomile tea can be used for local wound cleaning and for rinsing and cleaning infected eyes.

Cinnamon
Cinnamon is considered to have antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal and antioxidant properties. It can be used to prevent and treat e-coli and salmonella infections. It has also been used successfully to treat jaundice, candidiasis, yeast and aspergillus infections.
The easiest way is to buy cinnamon tea and give it instead of water.
IMPORTANT! LOTS OF CINNAMON IS “cassia”. Make sure to get real cinnamon. Google for “two different sorts of cinnamon” to read more about this.

Cornstarch
Cornstarch (Maizena) or corn kernel flour. If a bird has damaged a blood spring and is bleeding, you can use cornstarch instead of bloodstain powder. Squeeze some cornstarch instead. bleed and gently press on the wound for a few seconds so that the starch penetrates. Be very careful with hand hygiene, wash your hands before or use disposable gloves.
Blood stop powder is available at the pharmacy. I would probably recommend using blood stop powder in the first place and corn starch at times when blood stop powder is not available and you do not have time to get to the pharmacy. If someone calls and says that they have found a bird that is bleeding and must quickly stop the bleeding, it is good to be able to inform the person that they can use cornstarch, which many will have at home.

Octopus bones (sepia shell)
Octopus bones work well as a natural calcium supplement. Octopus bones contain a high dose of calcium and mineral salt. It is also useful by helping to keep beaks nicely trimmed.
Sepia shells can be bought at basically any zoo store. You can scrape with a knife on it to get a powder, which you can mix with wet cat food (for crows). Make sure that no sharp pieces are formed.

Echinacea
Echinacea is known to act as an antibiotic, antiviral, immunostimulatory and anti-inflammatory and accelerates wound healing. As it strengthens the immune system, it is also known to accelerate the recovery of generally weakened birds and birds that have had smallpox virus infections.

Euphrasia
Euphrasia works anti-inflammatory, as an antihistamine and against mucositis (anti-catarrhal). A decoction or tea can be used as an eye wash to reduce discomfort from irritated eyes.

Fennel
Fennel is known to counteract gas (carminative), be an antispasmodic (anticonvulsant), circulatory stimulant and mild expectorant, It is diuretic (diuretic) and has anti-inflammatory effect. Fennel decoction or tea provides quick relief in constipation, flatulence and colic. It can also help counteract the production of too much gas in the abdomen of a bird suffering from a yeast infection. Fennel is especially useful in breeding of sensitive newly hatched young and those who have not yet left the nest.

Flaxseed / linseed oil
Flaxseed oil is high in omega-3 fatty acids (alpha linolenic acid), which is associated with many health benefits. Lack of omega-3 fatty acids can increase the risk of inflammatory and metabolic conditions. Omega-3 fatty acids appear to lower blood pressure and increase arterial elasticity. Flaxseed / linseed oil can also have anti-inflammatory properties.

Garlic
Another antibacterial plant is garlic, which is good for the immune system and the heart and has antioxidant and antifungal properties. It also acts as an expectorant. Garlic is antihypertensive (hypotensive), antiparasitic, hypoglycemic (hypoglycemic), lipid and cholesterol lowering (hypolipidemic) and an antihistamine. Due to its antiparasitic properties, it is used to kill intestinal parasites. Medicines commonly used to treat candida infections. Garlic should be used sparingly and in the form of fresh garlic slices.

Ginger
Ginger is known to be a circulatory stimulant, vascular dilator (peripheral vasodilator) and expectorant, It prevents nausea and vomiting (antiemetic). It is antispasmodic, acts against gases in the intestines (carminative) and is antiseptic. Ginger has been used to prevent motion sickness when birds need to be transported. A few drops of ginger extract can be added to the water, along with slices of fresh ginger, the night before a planned trip. Ginger is otherwise very useful in the treatment of nausea and regurgitation.

Lavender Flower
Lavender is known to act as an antiseptic, antibacterial, antidepressant, relaxing, circulatory stimulant, antispasmodic and analgesic. It counteracts gas in the stomach (carminative) and acts as a tincture for the nervous system. Lavender can be used to reduce stress and help the digestive system. Lavender is known to eliminate nerve tension, relieve pain, disinfect the skin, improve blood circulation and treat respiratory problems.

Mānuka honey
Mānuka honey originates in Australia and New Zealand and is produced by bees that pollinate the native Mānuka bush. Mānuka honey has anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antioxidant properties , making it the perfect ingredient for wound dressings. Honey protects against bacterial infections. Manaka honey also increases the production of special cells that can repair tissue damaged by infection. It is known to quickly relieve pain caused by inflammation.

Marigold
Marigold works astringent, antiseptic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, immune-stimulating, antispasmodic and wound-healing. It quickly heals wounds including abrasions and relieves other skin problems. It is also useful for treatment of birds that are prone to bite / pull feathers and who suffer from skin allergies.

Passion Flower
Passion Flower acts as a sedative and analgesic. It is therefore used to alleviate nervousness and anxiety and to reduce pain. Passion Flower is one of the best natural sedatives. The hyperactive birds, or those with compulsive behavioral patterns such as feather-biting, can be helped by passion flower.

Peppermint
Peppermint is known to have antispasmodic, biliary stimulating and analgesic properties, It counteracts nausea and vomiting (antiemetic) and gas formation (carminative) and is a blood vessel dilator (peripheral vasodilator). It is a soothing herb, which is useful in treating anxious or feather-biting birds. Peppermint is also very helpful in indigestion.

St. John’s wort
St. John’s wort is known for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antidepressant and antiviral properties. It contains hypericum, which has antidepressant properties. It is often used as a natural substitute for Haloperidol (trade name Haldol ) in birds suffering from feather biting.

Thyme
Thyme is known to act as an antiseptic, expectorant, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, as an antibiotic and for external (topical) wounds. Due to its antifungal effects, thyme decoction or tea a very good remedy in the treatment of diseases caused by fungi and yeast. Thyme is also very helpful in the treatment of patients suffering from diarrhea.

Witchhazel
Applied topically as a spray and has astringent and healing properties. It can also be used to stop external bleeding. It can be used with or as an alternative for aloe vera spray in the treatment of itchy skin.